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俠客行

人民日報海外版:網絡直播亂象咋這么“頑強”?

    大打“擦邊球”等行為仍存不久前,四川省自貢市容縣公安局發布通報稱,2018年以來,女主播唐某某為博取眼球、增加粉絲和視頻觀看量,在農田中拍攝穿著鮮艷暴露、佩戴紅領巾的捕魚視頻,并以“宜賓盈盈”賬號在快手平臺先后上傳剪輯后的4段視頻,視頻播放量高達300余萬次。根據治安管理處罰法規定,警方依法對唐某某予以行政拘留12日并處罰款1000元,責令其刪除相關視頻。中國政法大學傳播法研究中心副主任朱巍指出,唐某某的行為正是當前網絡直播中最常見的亂象之一——傳播低俗文化。“現在的網絡直播亂象與前幾年有著很大不同,與涉黃涉暴等違法違規行為相比,現在更多的是侵犯他人隱私、宣揚封建迷信、傳播低俗文化等亂象。”朱巍說,“像女主播衣著暴露戴紅領巾捕魚這種低俗行為,在網絡直播中比較常見。事實上,這種現象幾乎從網絡直播出現時就已存在,與色情等違法行為相比,這種行為主要是違反公序良俗,更多是處于一種比較隱晦的灰色地帶。”衣著暴露、動作具有性暗示、直播污言穢語、公然調侃南京大屠殺……近年來,有關網絡直播不當行為的新聞常見諸報端。這些行為與違法違規行為并不完全相同,本質上是一種打“擦邊球”行為,因此也使部分主播有機可乘。除了打“擦邊球”外,關于網絡直播的邊界也引發爭議。2018年,有個別主播以網約車為載體,在顧客不知情的情況下直播接單過程,而被直播對象多為女乘客;今年4月,明星陳某帶孩子逛街時被斗魚某主播進行直播,陳某對此非常不滿并怒斥該主播。諸多新聞事件將網絡直播亂象一次次拉入人們的視野中。利益驅使部分主播鉆空子據第43次《中國互聯網絡發展狀況統計報告》顯示,截至2018年12月,中國網絡直播用戶規模達3.97億。如今,用戶觀看直播的習慣基本養成,且觀看頻率高、付費意愿也較強,加之移動直播平臺的崛起,直播的門檻大大降低,開始變得人人可直播、一切皆可直播。有業內人士認為,網絡直播巨大的利潤空間和市場吸引了風投資本和直播從業人員競相涌入,也因此造成了網絡直播環境的魚龍混雜、亂象叢生。近年來,網絡直播平臺如雨后春筍般相繼誕生,許多人因此邁入直播行業,成為職業或兼職主播。然而,直播的低門檻使主播不必經過資質和素質的嚴格審核,在網絡直播可以帶來巨大利潤的驅使下,部分主播毫無規則和法律意識,不斷以突破法律底線、侵害公序良俗的方式獲取關注,進而獲得粉絲打賞,甚至謀取暴利。而有些熱門主播在收到大量粉絲追捧后,也逐漸忽略了人氣主播需承擔引導公眾樹立正確價值觀的責任。此前,網絡主播天佑就因在直播中用說唱形式詳細描述吸毒后的各種感受被國家網信辦實施跨平臺封禁。與此同時,灰色地帶為網絡亂象的滋生提供了空間,對于一些違反公序良俗的行為,目前并沒有很明確的法律法規進行規范和懲處,這使得部分主播得以鉆空子。鉆空子的不僅有主播,還有網絡直播平臺。對于網絡直播亂象,網絡直播平臺并不能置身事外。直播平臺如明知主播違法違規而不加以制止,亦應承擔相應責任。目前,網絡直播平臺在主播和直播內容審核上均存在極大漏洞。經過多輪治理,國內的主流直播平臺在主播管理、內容把關、現場監管等方面取得了很大進步,形成較為完善的自查自糾規則,可還有一些非正規的小直播平臺,通過一些非法方式、地下方式來傳播,直播內容多以淫穢、色情、裸露內容居多。構建信息共享黑名單體系為了營造清朗的直播環境,事實上,監管部門對于網絡直播亂象的整治早已展開,并且制定了相應的法規。自2016年12月1日起,國家網信辦實施《互聯網直播服務管理規定》,對于直播資質、內容管理、信用體系等提出了具體要求,給規范互聯網直播服務劃定了底線。按照《互聯網直播服務管理規定》,網絡平臺應當建立內容審核平臺和信息審查機制,實施分級分類管理,對互聯網新聞信息直播及其互動內容實施先審后管。一些直播平臺也陸續出臺管理規則,對主播和用戶的行為進行規范。2018年2月7日,公安部部署全國公安機關深入開展打擊整治網絡違法犯罪的“凈網2018”專項行動,當年全國共取締關閉淫穢色情等網站1.2萬個,掛牌督辦網絡淫穢色情直播大案要案44起。有專家認為,目前,中國網絡直播亂象整治工作取得了顯著成果,但由于直播行業的違規成本太低,監管成本過高,因此還會有“漏網之魚”。針對目前存在的打“擦邊球”和低俗行為,可采取列舉式將法律禁止直播的內容、行為等具體化,從而提升法律的可操作性。同時,應構建信息共享的黑名單體系,防止違規網紅換個“馬甲”再次出現。業內人士認為,網絡直播不是主播關起門來自娛自樂,而是面向大眾的表演。直播平臺也不是僅僅提供一個平臺而無須承擔任何責任那么簡單。應當建立起預先防范機制,提升相關從業人員的素質,建立直播主體資質審查機制或職業主播培訓機制。相關部門也必須綜合運用多種監管措施,共同發力,既封停拉黑違規賬號,又沒收違法所得,甚至可以關閉違規直播網站,避免直播平臺淪為滋養違規網紅的溫床。

da da" ca bian qiu" deng xing wei reng cun bu jiu qian, si chuan sheng zi gong shi rong xian gong an ju fa bu tong bao cheng, 2018 nian yi lai, nv zhu bo tang mou mou wei bo qu yan qiu zeng jia fen si he shi pin guan kan liang, zai nong tian zhong pai she chuan zhe xian yan bao lu pei dai hong ling jin de bu yu shi pin, bing yi" yi bin ying ying" zhang hao zai kuai shou ping tai xian hou shang chuan jian ji hou de 4 duan shi pin, shi pin bo fang liang gao da 300 yu wan ci. gen ju zhi an guan li chu fa fa gui ding, jing fang yi fa dui tang mou mou yu yi xing zheng ju liu 12 ri bing chu fa kuan 1000 yuan, ze ling qi shan chu xiang guan shi pin. zhong guo zheng fa da xue chuan bo fa yan jiu zhong xin fu zhu ren zhu wei zhi chu, tang mou mou de xing wei zheng shi dang qian wang luo zhi bo zhong zui chang jian de luan xiang zhi yi chuan bo di su wen hua." xian zai de wang luo zhi bo luan xiang yu qian ji nian you zhe hen da bu tong, yu she huang she bao deng wei fa wei gui xing wei xiang bi, xian zai geng duo de shi qin fan ta ren yin si xuan yang feng jian mi xin chuan bo di su wen hua deng luan xiang." zhu wei shuo," xiang nv zhu bo yi zhuo bao lu dai hong ling jin bu yu zhe zhong di su xing wei, zai wang luo zhi bo zhong bi jiao chang jian. shi shi shang, zhe zhong xian xiang ji hu cong wang luo zhi bo chu xian shi jiu yi cun zai, yu se qing deng wei fa xing wei xiang bi, zhe zhong xing wei zhu yao shi wei fan gong xu liang su, geng duo shi chu yu yi zhong bi jiao yin hui de hui se di dai." yi zhuo bao lu dong zuo ju you xing an shi zhi bo wu yan hui yu gong ran tiao kan nan jing da tu sha jin nian lai, you guan wang luo zhi bo bu dang xing wei de xin wen chang jian zhu bao duan. zhei xie xing wei yu wei fa wei gui xing wei bing bu wan quan xiang tong, ben zhi shang shi yi zhong da" ca bian qiu" xing wei, yin ci ye shi bu fen zhu bo you ji ke cheng. chu le da" ca bian qiu" wai, guan yu wang luo zhi bo de bian jie ye yin fa zheng yi. 2018 nian, you ge bie zhu bo yi wang yue che wei zai ti, zai gu ke bu zhi qing de qing kuang xia zhi bo jie dan guo cheng, er bei zhi bo dui xiang duo wei nv cheng ke jin nian 4 yue, ming xing chen mou dai hai zi guang jie shi bei dou yu mou zhu bo jin xing zhi bo, chen mou dui ci fei chang bu man bing nu chi gai zhu bo. zhu duo xin wen shi jian jiang wang luo zhi bo luan xiang yi ci ci la ru ren men de shi ye zhong. li yi qu shi bu fen zhu bo zuan kong zi ju di 43 ci zhong guo hu lian wang luo fa zhan zhuang kuang tong ji bao gao xian shi, jie zhi 2018 nian 12 yue, zhong guo wang luo zhi bo yong hu gui mo da 3. 97 yi. ru jin, yong hu guan kan zhi bo de xi guan ji ben yang cheng, qie guan kan pin lv gao fu fei yi yuan ye jiao qiang, jia zhi yi dong zhi bo ping tai de jue qi, zhi bo de men kan da da jiang di, kai shi bian de ren ren ke zhi bo yi qie jie ke zhi bo. you ye nei ren shi ren wei, wang luo zhi bo ju da de li run kong jian he shi chang xi yin le feng tou zi ben he zhi bo cong ye ren yuan jing xiang yong ru, ye yin ci zao cheng le wang luo zhi bo huan jing de yu long hun za luan xiang cong sheng. jin nian lai, wang luo zhi bo ping tai ru yu hou chun sun ban xiang ji dan sheng, xu duo ren yin ci mai ru zhi bo hang ye, cheng wei zhi ye huo jian zhi zhu bo. ran er, zhi bo de di men kan shi zhu bo bu bi jing guo zi zhi he su zhi di yan ge shen he, zai wang luo zhi bo ke yi dai lai ju da li run de qu shi xia, bu fen zhu bo hao wu gui ze he fa lv yi shi, bu duan yi tu po fa lv di xian qin hai gong xu liang su de fang shi huo qu guan zhu, jin er huo de fen si da shang, shen zhi mou qu bao li. er you xie re men zhu bo zai shou dao da liang fen si zhui peng hou, ye zhu jian hu lue le ren qi zhu bo xu cheng dan yin dao gong zhong shu li zheng que jia zhi guan de ze ren. ci qian, wang luo zhu bo tian you jiu yin zai zhi bo zhong yong shuo chang xing shi xiang xi miao shu xi du hou de ge zhong gan shou bei guo jia wang xin ban shi shi kua ping tai feng jin. yu ci tong shi, hui se di dai wei wang luo luan xiang de zi sheng ti gong le kong jian, dui yu yi xie wei fan gong xu liang su de xing wei, mu qian bing mei you hen ming que de fa lv fa gui jin hang gui fan he cheng chu, zhe shi de bu fen zhu bo de yi zuan kong zi. zuan kong zi de bu jin you zhu bo, hai you wang luo zhi bo ping tai. dui yu wang luo zhi bo luan xiang, wang luo zhi bo ping tai bing bu neng zhi shen shi wai. zhi bo ping tai ru ming zhi zhu bo wei fa wei gui er bu jia yi zhi zhi, yi ying cheng dan xiang ying ze ren. mu qian, wang luo zhi bo ping tai zai zhu bo he zhi bo nei rong shen he shang jun cun zai ji da lou dong. jing guo duo lun zhi li, guo nei de zhu liu zhi bo ping tai zai zhu bo guan li nei rong ba guan xian chang jian guan deng fang mian qu de le hen da jin bu, xing cheng jiao wei wan shan de zi cha zi jiu gui ze, ke hai you yi xie fei zheng gui de xiao zhi bo ping tai, tong guo yi xie fei fa fang shi di xia fang shi lai chuan bo, zhi bo nei rong duo yi yin hui se qing luo lu nei rong ju duo. gou jian xin xi gong xiang hei ming dan ti xi wei le ying zao qing lang de zhi bo huan jing, shi shi shang, jian guan bu men dui yu wang luo zhi bo luan xiang de zheng zhi zao yi zhan kai, bing qie zhi ding le xiang ying de fa gui. zi 2016 nian 12 yue 1 ri qi, guo jia wang xin ban shi shi hu lian wang zhi bo fu wu guan li gui ding, dui yu zhi bo zi zhi nei rong guan li xin yong ti xi deng ti chu le ju ti yao qiu, gei gui fan hu lian wang zhi bo fu wu hua ding le di xian. an zhao hu lian wang zhi bo fu wu guan li gui ding, wang luo ping tai ying dang jian li nei rong shen he ping tai he xin xi shen zha ji zhi, shi shi fen ji fen lei guan li, dui hu lian wang xin wen xin xi zhi bo ji qi hu dong nei rong shi shi xian shen hou guan. yi xie zhi bo ping tai ye lu xu chu tai guan li gui ze, dui zhu bo he yong hu de xing wei jin hang gui fan. 2018 nian 2 yue 7 ri, gong an bu bu shu quan guo gong an ji guan shen ru kai zhan da ji zheng zhi wang luo wei fa fan zui de" jing wang 2018" zhuan xiang xing dong, dang nian quan guo gong qu di guan bi yin hui se qing deng wang zhan 1. 2 wan ge, gua pai du ban wang luo yin hui se qing zhi bo da an yao an 44 qi. you zhuan jia ren wei, mu qian, zhong guo wang luo zhi bo luan xiang zheng zhi gong zuo qu de le xian zhu cheng guo, dan you yu zhi bo hang ye de wei gui cheng ben tai di, jian guan cheng ben guo gao, yin ci hai hui you" lou wang zhi yu". zhen dui mu qian cun zai de da" ca bian qiu" he di su xing wei, ke cai qu lie ju shi jiang fa lv jin zhi zhi bo de nei rong xing wei deng ju ti hua, cong er ti sheng fa lv de ke cao zuo xing. tong shi, ying gou jian xin xi gong xiang de hei ming dan ti xi, fang zhi wei gui wang hong huan ge" ma jia" zai ci chu xian. ye nei ren shi ren wei, wang luo zhi bo bu shi zhu bo guan qi men lai zi yu zi le, er shi mian xiang da zhong de biao yan. zhi bo ping tai ye bu shi jin jin ti gong yi ge ping tai er wu xu cheng dan ren he ze ren na me jian dan. ying dang jian li qi yu xian fang fan ji zhi, ti sheng xiang guan cong ye ren yuan de su zhi, jian li zhi bo zhu ti zi zhi shen zha ji zhi huo zhi ye zhu bo pei xun ji zhi. xiang guan bu men ye bi xu zong he yun yong duo zhong jian guan cuo shi, gong tong fa li, ji feng ting la hei wei gui zhang hao, you mo shou wei fa suo de, shen zhi ke yi guan bi wei gui zhi bo wang zhan, bi mian zhi bo ping tai lun wei zi yang wei gui wang hong de wen chuang.

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發布時間:01:06:22


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